SMALL SCALE-FISHERY CHALLENGES IN FOOD SECURITY IN INDONESIA
Penulis: Ary WahyonoRice and Gracia (2011) argue that world population growth in 2050 is expected to increase to 9 billion people. Such rapid population growth will result in increased food demand. Therefore, if population growth is not matched by an increase in food production, it will result in food insecurity disasters. Food insecurity here not only concerns food in the sense of carbohydrates, such as rice and the like but food insecurity-animal protein (including fish) as mentioned in Law No. 18 of 2012 on Food. Food consumption data released by KADIN, which shows that fish consumption in 2014 reached 7.5 million tons. This number increased from 6.60 million tons in 2010. The total consumption of fish is even greater when compared with the amount of meat, egg and milk consumption, which amounted to 1.83 million tons, 1.58 million tons and 3, 29 million tons in 2014, or a total of just 6.7 million tons. In other words, the amount of fish consumption has reached 53% of the total amount of animal protein consumption in 2014. Indonesia should have no problem in meeting the protein needs of its people from fish products due to the wide range of Indonesia's water. However, future challenges are expected to be more complicated, first is the population growth, second is the decrease in production If the decrease of fish production continues to occur, while fish consumption needs continue to increase, it is feared that the fulfillment of food security from fish will be difficult to achieve. On the other hand, fish production resulting from the fishing industry tends not to meet demand for direct human consumption, but for the needs of animal feed and other processed products (FAO, 2011). In this context the role of small scale fishermen (small scale-fishery) is very large. Fishermen are the main players who can convert the potential of the fish in the sea to supply our protein people on land. With all its risks and high aspects of uncertainty, it is the fisherman who has caught the fish in the sea and landed it on the shore so that the fish becomes accessible to other humans on the land. The direct contribution of fishery activities to food security at household level is seen through the consumption of fish catches of fisherman household [self consumstion]. How much the contribution of small-scale fisheries to food security is influenced, among others, differences, household categories, whether as a full-fledged fisherman or cashew fisherman Commercialization of catches and poverty level of fisherman households also affects how manythe total catches of fishermen households are consumed for food.
General Assembly and the Second International Symposium of JSPS Alumni Association of Indonesia (IS-JAAI)
No. Arsip : LIPI-20181228