Agricultural Demand Driven Design of Resource Oriented Sanitation System - Case of Burkina Faso and Indonesia
Penulis: Ushijima K, Funamizu N, Hijikata N, Ito R, Sintawardani N, Sou M and Maiga AThis study discusses demand driven approaches for designing rsources oriented sanitation system (ROSS), on the basis of 2 case studies: in a ruarl area of Burkina Faso and in an urban slum in Indonesia. In Burkina Fasos case, the amount of available water is limiting factor and therefore other resources provided from ROSS, such as N, P and K woukd be excess under current design. Planners of ROSS should carefully assess this demand balance between each resources and design the system to maximize the production. In the case of Indonesia, the limiting factor was the price of excreta fertilizer, which is greatly affected by the cost of collection and transportation of human excreta. Therefore a system design based on business sense will be more important. Thus, the required area pf discussion for realizing ROSS covers wide variety, but the common point is that the planners should recognize that ROSS is a producing system, and therefore the planner should concentrate on optimizing its production and business. User led approach is effective for understanding some of the demands. However, some of the demands are difficult to identify by individuals. With regard to this, it seems to be important for planners to prepare a basic design of RASS based on comprehensive analysis.
Caledonian Journal of Engineering, Vol. 11, Nr. 01, Jan-June 2015
ISSN / ISBN / IBSN : ISSN 1999-9496
No. Arsip : LIPI-16024