Multifunctional adaption of farmers as response to urban growth in the Jabodetabek Metropolitan Area, Indonesia
Penulis: Didit Okta Pribadi, Ingo Zasada, Klaus Mller, Stephan PauleitUrban growth in Asian megacities has led to large peri-urban areas, which are characterized by a typically complex and fragmented pattern of urban-rural land use called desakota. In order to support urban resilience and sustainability, conservation of farmland and multifunctionality of agriculture in the peri-urban have been proposed to simultaneously provide livelihood for farmers, commodity production, and public benefits from ecosystem services. Nevertheless, how rural-traditional farming can be sustained during urbanization and develop multifunctional practices still remains a critical issue. This research aims to investigate farmers adaptation behaviour in response to urbanization pressure and analyze their capability to develop multifunctional agriculture. The empirical study is based on farmer interviews (N=101) in the Ciliwung upstream area, which is the most important watershed in the Jabodetabek Metropolitan Area (JMA), Indonesia. Two main agricultural types can be distinguished: paddy rice and horticultural farming. Due to urbanization pressure, paddy rice survived as subsistence farming on the fragmented land between settlements, whereas horticulture appeared as economically motivated farming in the distant area near the forest. These types feature differences in the provision of and trade-off between multifunctional farming benefits, such as income generation, employment, commodity distribution, and environmental services. Farmers decision making for multifunctional farming activities to unlock full potential of urban demand for food, recreation, and environmental health mainly depend on (i) their individual capacity, (ii) intrinsic motives, and (iii) land tenure situation. Some strategies have been suggested to support farming transition to strong multifunctionality as a key to preserve farmland within peri-urban planning.
Journal of Rural Studies 55(2017) 100-111
No. Arsip : LIPI-17039