Impact of Local REDD+ Intervention on Greenhouse Gas Emissions in East Kalimantan Province, Indonesia
Penulis: Martiwi Diah Setiawati,Kiswanto, Satoshi TsuyukiThe Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) of the Republic of Indonesia selected East Kalimantan as a pilot area for trialing a national REDD+ program under Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF). If it works, this pilot area will receive the payment of forest carbon services. Thus, East Kalimantan provincial government established the Green East Kalimantan strategy in 2010 to improve the natural resources and Green Growth Compact in 2016 to reduce carbon emission and increase economic growth by 8%. This paper estimated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions before and after the REDD+ commitment implemented in the study area. The annual land cover map from 2000 until 2016 derived from satellite remote sensing data was used in this analysis. From this spatial data set, the change in carbon stock for each period was estimated using the IPCC guideline for national GHG inventories. The negative stock difference represents sequestration, while the positive stock defines emission. The result stated that deforestation and forest degradation contribute 80% and 20% of GHG emissions in the study area. During the study period, GHG emissions increased by 31 Mt CO 2 with an increment rate of 2.1 Mt CO 2 yr–1. Furthermore, the increment rate before REDD+ commitment was larger (2.3 Mt CO2 yr –1 ) than the increment rate after commitment (1.5 Mt CO2 yr –1 ). In addition, we projected that the GHG emission was reduced by 13.41% for 2020 and 18.89% for 2030 from the historical baseline. This result illustrated that the local REDD+ intervention in East Kalimantan is able to reduce GHG emissions. However, the progress was still smaller than the target written in the local action plan, which is expected to reduce GHG emissions by 22.38% from historical baseline for 2020. The provincial government should accelerate strategies for reducing GHG emissions by restoring degraded forest landscapes, avoiding further deforestation and forest degradation and making appropriate decisions for the socio-economic development program. Thus, the spatial information is the critical instrument to assist the provincial government for forest restoration action plan where deforestation and forest degradation occurred.
Climate Impacts on Sustainable Natural Resource Management
ISSN / ISBN / IBSN : 9781119793380
No. Arsip : LIPI-20220110