Impacts of Climate Variability on Food Security Dimensions in Indonesia: Reference from the Nusa Tenggara Timur Province
Penulis: Martiwi Diah Setiawati,Boubacar Siddighi Balde, I. Wayan Nampa,Mohamed EshamThe Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) remains one of the backward provinces out of 34 provinces in Indonesia known for its high prevalence of undernutrition, poor access to sanitation, high poverty level, high infant mortality rate, and lack of physical infrastructure. Poor people face numerous shocks caused by climate variability that directly or indirectly affect their livelihoods and food security. This paper analyzes climate variability on food security dimensions using longitudinal panel data undertaking district-wise analysis. The study contributes to the existing literature on climate variability and food security undertaken four empirical models for an alternative comparison. Results revealed that climate variability influenced all components of food security variables. Food accessibility (i.e. income per capita) was the most affected by climate variables, followed by expenditure and household poverty. The maximum temperature greatly influenced food utilization (i.e. risk of diarrhea). Also, food availability such as paddy yield and livestock production was significantly affected by climate variability, followed by paddy and coffee production. In contrast, maize and coconut were less affected by climate variability. Results indicated that the province had experienced more extreme events recently with consequent natural disasters. Moreover, some increases and decreases in food production were also attributed to the local policy orientation. The findings of the study will be of immense benefit for policymaking.
Sustainable Agriculture Systems and Technologies, 2022,
ISSN / ISBN / IBSN : 9781119808565
No. Arsip : LIPI-20220401