Indonesia Foreign Policy in Reform Era:Process and Pattern

ABSTRACT After more than two decades of reform, the Indonesian people need a flashback to look at the direction of foreign policy. This is done for self-introspection, has his direction been in line with the spirit of the 1998 Reformation? This is the momentum to evaluate Indonesia's foreign policy. Is foreign policy done correctly? Therefore, this paper aims to examine the implementation of Indonesia's foreign policy in the Reformation era. How is the implementation of democratic values in the foreign policy-making process and how is the implementation of bilateral and multilateral diplomacy in the reform era. The method used in writing this paper is qualitative. This paper reports the results of its study in narrative form to explain various problems in implementing this foreign policy. The findings of this study are that firstly, Indonesia's foreign policy process in the Reformation era was carried out by taking into account democratic values. This is internally marked by the restructuring and changes in institutional mechanisms at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and externally the significant involvement of other institutions and public participation in the process of foreign policy formulation. Second, Indonesia's diplomacy pattern in the Reformation era reflects bilateral and multilateral diplomacy. In the transitional era, bilateral diplomacy is more dominant, while in the stable era, Indonesia's diplomacy is a combination of bilateral and multilateral This study concluded that Indonesia's foreign policy in the Reformation era has implemented the spirit of the 1998 reform. The foreign policy process is carried out with democracy and institutional reform has taken place.

International Journal of Asia Pacific Studies

ISSN / ISBN / IBSN : 18236243

No. Arsip : LIPI-20200917