Modulation of coherent phonon amplitudes in lowdimensional materials by ultrafast laser pulse trains

We theoretically investigate how coherent phonon amplitudes in low dimensional materials can be modulated by ultrafast laser pulse trains. Important laser parameters for the modulation of coherent phonon amplitudes are the pulse width, repetition period, and number of pulses in the pulse train. We find that it is possible to switch on or switch off the radial breathing mode (RBM) and the G-band phonons in a single wall carbon nanotube (SWNT), as a typical model of low-dimensional materials. In particular, if the repetition period matches with integer multiple of the RBM phonon period, the RBM phonon could be switched on, while the other modes are switched off. On the other hand, for the G-band, which has a higher frequency (shorter period) than the RBM, the number of pulses in the pulse train also affects the switching process. The ratios of the G-band and RBM amplitudes are found to be significantly enhanced at certain integer multiples of pulse number as a function of SWNT diameter. Such a “magic number” phenomenon in ultrafast spectroscopy can be extended to other low-dimensional materials, in which we may realize a phonon switch in the future.

AIP Conference Proceedings

No. Arsip : LIPI-20200808