Suciatmih. 2022. Absorption of dyes from mixed fungi by cotton fabric with distinct mordants and dyeing pH

Cotton fabrics processed in dyes with different mordants and staining pH might alter colors variation and dye absorption. A recent study showed a mixture of Aspergillus and Paecilomyces can be used to dye cotton fabric using five different mordant chemicals, CuSO4.5H2O, FeSO4.7H2O, KAl (SO4)2.12H2O, K2Cr2O7, and MnSO4.H2O, and three distinctive dyeing pH (3, 7, and 11). Both fungi were collectively cultured on mineral salt glucose medium to a stationary stage in dark conditions for four weeks. The RHS color chart was used to determine the color of the filtrate and the spectrum of colors created on dyed materials. The results suggested that the color development and dye absorption of the fabrics were greatly affected by chemical compounds of mordant and the acidity degree of the dyeing process. The pH of the dyeing process has a greater impact on the absorption of fungal dyes by cloth than the mordant. Colors formed on cotton fabric can add colors variation to textile dyeing. Keywords: absorption, coloring pH, cotton fabric, fungal dye (pigment), mordant .

IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science976 (2022) 012031

DOI: doi:10.1088/1755-1315/976/1/012031

No. Arsip : LIPI-20220212
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